American philosopher Robert Merrihew Adams proposes what he calls a “modified divine command theory”. Adams presents the basic form of his theory by asserting that two statements are equivalent: It is wrong to do X. It is contrary to God’s commands to do X.
What is divine command theory based on?
Divine Command Theory includes the claim that morality is ultimately based on the commands or character of God, and that the morally right action is the one that God commands or requires.
Who advocated the divine command theory?
Both Martin Luther and John Calvin advocated an ethics of divine commands. John Locke and William Paley are among the modern philosophers who argued for divine command theories. Søren Kierkegaard’s Works of Love (1847/1995) contains a divine command theory.
Is divine command theory true?
If God created human beings, then God has an absolute claim on our obedience. … If God has an absolute claim on our obedience, then we should always obey God’s commands. 4. Therefore, the Divine Command theory is true.
Is Aquinas a divine command theorist?
Aquinas rejects the Divine Command Theory.
What is the difference between Divine Command Theory and natural law theory?
The difference is this: Divine Command Theory simply claims that good deeds are those approved by God and wicked deeds are those that God forbids, while Natural Law Theory says that God invested the world, and us, with a certain purpose, and our task is to use reason to discover and fulfill that purpose.
How does Divine Command Theory define good?
The theory asserts that good actions are morally good as a result of their being commanded by God, and many religious believers subscribe to some form of divine command theory. Because of these premises, adherents believe that moral obligation is obedience to God’s commands; what is morally right is what God desires.
What is wrong with the divine command theory?
Other criticisms of divine command theory include: Religious scriptures are generally ancient and are hard to interpret against the complexities of today’s society. As a result, religion as an ethical system does not provide specific ethical guidance to specific ethical dilemmas.
What is divine nature theory?
The Divine Nature Theory concisely argues that the nature of God is what is morally good. … However, because God has made His nature known through the Bible and nature, people could know what is morally good. Therefore, His revelations teach what is morally good.
What are the limitations of the divine command theory?
The challenges against Divine Command Theory means that it is difficult to apply to modern life. The incompatibility with our understanding of the world makes it difficult to justify wide-spread acceptance of it.
What is Contractarianism theory?
“Contractarianism” names both a political theory of the legitimacy of political authority and a moral theory about the origin or legitimate content of moral norms. … The moral theory of contractarianism claims that moral norms derive their normative force from the idea of contract or mutual agreement.
Is divine command theory Consequentialism?
It is worth noting that there is one sense in which divine command theory is an alternative to Kantianism and consequentialism. … But the divine command theorist could also say that, for example, God’s command is that we follow the categorical imperative.